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Pricing > Interest and Financing > Calculations

 

Overview

 

Interest Schedule

 

Calculations

 

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Examples: Debit & Credit Balance Calculations

 

Examples: Short Sale Proceeds Calculations

 

Calculations 

 

Accruals 

 

Final Posting

 

 

   Calculations: Final Posting

 

 

How is accrued interest posted to my account?

 

At the end of the month, or within the first few days of the following month, the following steps are taken:

  1. PT recalculates all the interest amounts using the calculations above. The new calculation is usually identical to the original cash accruals but may vary by small amounts due to corrections in settled balances or rates.
  2. PT determines the cumulative accrued cash for the previous month as the sum of the individual days.
  3. PT reverses this amount in the Accrued Cash sub-account at the beginning of the following month. 
    • For example, if the accrued cash balance for July was positive, we apply a debit charge to accrued cash in early August.
  4. Simultaneously, we book the final interest calculation from Step 1 above to the regular cash account. In effect, Steps 3 and 4 above convert "pending cash" to "actual cash."
  5. These transactions2 are reported on the Monthly Statement.

 

 
     
 

Trade Date versus Settlement Date (or Value Date)

 

In most large financial transactions, there is a time delay between the date on which the transaction is agreed to, and the date on which it settles, i.e, when the actual payment occurs.

In the case of stocks (for example US stocks) there is a three business day settlement period.  In reality it may seem like four business days because the three day settlement period begins after the trade date.  

T+3:  The settlement period is also commonly referred to as T+3 by traders as well as industry professionals.  In addition, T+3 is an easy way to remember when your trades settles (trade date plus three business/trading days).  

When figuring which day your trade will settle please consider the following in your calculation: 

If the trade is executed on a Monday, under normal settlement conditions the actual transfer of money occurs on Thursday.

If the trade occurs on Wednesday, three business days later crosses the weekend so normal settlement is the following Monday.

Exchange and banking holidays that fall within the settlement period will push back the settlement date.

 

Why is the Settlement Date Important?

Only settled money is considered for interest rate purposes. When one buys stock, one retains the rights to interest on the money until settlement date. Similarly, sellers only start to receive interest beginning on settlement date.

Settlement Dating is generally a minor consideration for stock, option, and future traders. However, due to the large amounts of capital involved, understanding the concept of Settlement Dating is critical to FOREX3 and fixed income (bond or money market) traders.

 
     
 
 
 
1Please see Universal Account section of the Margin Overview page for description of account structure. Due to the different regulators -- CFTC for commodities and SEC for securities -- PT is not permitted to net the assets in a sub-account with those from the other sub-account.
 
2The new accrued cash shown after the above postings may not be zero. The residual balances reflect the continuing accruals for the first days of the current month. For example, if PT processes the final interest calculation on August 6, Accrued Cash will still show the activity from August 1 through August 6.
 
3Please note: Place Trade does not offer FOREX trading at this time.
 

 

  

 

Interest Charged to You on a Negative Cash Balance & Interest Paid to You on a Credit Balance

Interest Paid to You on Short Sales (Visit Examples Page)

Learn about Interest Rates (Basic)

 

 

 

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